Awonifa

Study the Teaching of Ifa and the Orisha's

Olarosa (?Alarense, helper) is the tutelary deity of Houses. He is represented as armed with a stick or sword, and his image is found in almost every household guarding the entrance. His office is to drive away sorcerers and evil spirits, and to keep elegua from entering the house.

Yoruba Fokelore

Yoruba Medicine

The Yoruba are one of the largest tribes in Africa, with 30 million individuals throughout the region of West Africa. Yorubic medicine is Orisha-based medicine practiced by many other groups in Africa, the Caribbean and others, mostly due to the slave Diaspora. “African herbal medicine is commonly called Yorubic or Orisha medicine on the African continent. It started from a religious text, called Ifa Corpus. According to tradition, the Ifa Corpus was revealed by the mystic prophet, Orunmilla, around 4,000 years ago in the ancient city of Ile-Ife, now known as Yorubaland. The last 400 years saw individuals in the Caribbean and South America practice the Yorubic healing system as a token of their past when the first wave of African slaves arrived in the Americas.”. Orunmilla taught the people about the customs of divination, prayer, dance, symbolic gestures, personal, and communal elevation. He also advised them on spiritual baths, meditation, and herbal medicine in particular. The Ifa Corpus is considered to be the foundation of divine herbology.
Contents

Basic Philosophies

According to A D Buckley, Yoruba medicine is similar to European medicine in that its main thrust is to kill or expel from the body tiny, invisible “germs” or insects (kokoro) and also worms (aron) which inhabit small bags within the body. For the Yoruba, however, these germs and worms perform useful functions in the healthy body, aiding digestion, fertility etc. However, if they become too powerful in te body, they must be controlled, killed or driven out with bitter-tasting plants contained in medicines.Yoruba medicine is quite different from homeopathic medicine, which uses medicinal ingredients that imitates pathological symptoms. Rather, in a similar manner to mainstream European medicine, it strives to destroy the agencies that cause disease.

Buckley claims that traditional Yoruba ideas of the human body are derived from the image of a cooking pot, susceptible to overflowing. The female body overflows dangerously but necessarily once a month; germs and worms in the body can overflow their “bags” in the body if they are given too much “sweet” (tasty) food. The household is understood in a similar way. As germs overflow their bag, menstrual blood the female body, and palm oil the cooking pot, so women in the marital household tend to overflow and return to their natal homes.

As well as using bitter plants to kill germs and worms, Yoruba herbalists also use incantation (ofo) in medicines to bring good luck (awure), for example, to bring money or love and for other purposes too. Medicinal incantations are in some ways like the praise songs addressed to human beings or gods: their purpose is to awaken the power of the ingredients hidden in the medicine. Most medicinal incantations use a form of word-play, similar to punning, to evoke the properties of the plants implied by the name of the plant.

Some early writers believed that the Yoruba people are actually an East African tribe who moved from the Nile River to the Niger area. For example, Olumide J. Lucas claims that “the Yoruba, during antiquity, lived in ancient Egypt before migrating to the Atlantic coast.”

“With Egypt at its roots, it is therefore inevitable that African herbal medicine became associated with magic. Amulets and charms were more common than pills as preventions or curatives of diseases. Priests, who were from the earliest days the forefathers of science and medicine, considered diseases as possession by evil demons and could be treated using incantations along with extracts from the roots of certain plants. The psychosomatic method of healing disorders used primarily by psychiatrists today is based loosely on this ancient custom.

This being said, to modern westerners the medicine practices of the Yoruba may seem to be too magical/mystical, in fact the word medicine and magic are the same. But it must be recognized that to the Yorubas it is a system; Yorubic medicine is not merely medicine, such as it is in modern times, it is a medicine, the magic of a religion and a science.

Orishas in Yoruba Medicine

The Yoruba religion has a multitude of Deities, the major of which are called Orisha. Osain is one of the most important Orisha’s. Osain rules over all wild herbs, and he is considered the greatest herbalist who knows the powers of all plants. In the Yoruba tribe a sort of staff is given to the herb gatherer of the community, to make clear their position. In Africa there are so many herbs and plants that are used in healing, that only someone trained for life can competently perform the function. The plants and herbs of Osain have their purely medicinal value as well as their magical value. The Osainista knows how to correctly gather the herbs and plants. Some plants have to be gathered at certain times of the day or night. Certain plants have to have certain prayers said to them and certain offerings made in order to correctly work. As said before there are a multitude of Orisha’s. In diagnosing illness each one of the orisha’s has physical qualities and herbal attributes, each affecting one another. See the diagrams below:

Orishas Attributes Physical Correspondences Herbs (Ewe)

Obatala Deity of Creation and custodian of the Ifa Oracle, source of knowledge. Creator of Human Form, Purity, Cures illness and deformities. His priests are the Babalawo Brain, Bones, White fluids of the body Skullcap, Sage, Kola Nut, Basil, Hyssop, Blue Vervain, White Willow, Valerian

Èshù or Elegua Gateman of the Heavens. Messenger of the Orisha, he is prime negotiator between negative and positive forces in body, enforces the “law of being”. Helps to enhance the power of herbs sympathetic nervous system All Herbs

Ogun Orisha of Iron, he is divinity of clearing paths, specifically in respect to blockages or interruption of the flow vital energy at various points in the body, and he is the liberator. heart, kidney (adrenal glands), tendons, and sinews Eucalyptus, Alfalfa, Hawthorn, Bloodroot, Parsley, Motherwort, Garlic

Yemaya Mother of Waters, Primal Waters, Nurturer. She is the amniotic fluid in the womb of the pregnant woman, as well as, the breasts which nurture. She is the protective energies of the feminine force. womb, liver, breasts, buttocks Kelp, Squawvine, Cohosh, Dandelion, Yarrow, Aloe, Spirulina, Mints, Passion Plower, Wild Yam Root

Ochun Sensuality, Beauty, Gracefulness, she symbolizes clarity and flowing motion, she has power to heal with cool water, she is also the divinity of fertility and feminine essence, Women appeal to her for child-bearing and for the alleviation of female disorders, she is fond of babies and is sought if a baby becomes ill, she is known for her love of honey. circulatory system, digestive organs, elimination system, pubic area (female) Yellow Dock, Burdock, Cinnamon, Damiana, Anis, Raspberry, Yarrow, Chamomile, Lotus, Uva-Ursi, Buchu, Myrrh, Echinacea

Chango Kingly, Virility, Masculinity, Fire, Lightning, Stones, Protector/Warrior, Magnetism, he possesses the ability to transform base substance into that which is pure and valuable reproductive system (male), bone marrow, life force or chi Plantain, Saw Palmetto, Hibiscus, Fo-ti, Sarsaparilla, Nettles, Cayenne

Oya Tempest, Guardian of the Cemetery, Winds of Change, Storms, Progression, she is usually in the company of her counterpart Shango, she is the deity of rebirth as things must die so that new beginnings arise lungs, bronchial passages, mucous membranes Mullein, Comfrey, Cherrybark, Pleurisy Root, Elecampane, Horehound, Chickweed

Titles and Processes

An Onisegun is an herbalist, Oloogun is one of several terms for a medical practitioner, and a Babalawo is a ceremony priest/priestess. An Oloogun practitioner in Yoruba, in addition to analyzing symptoms of the patient, look for the emotional and spiritual causes of the disease to placate the negative forces (ajogun) and only then will propose treatment that he/she deems appropriate. This may include herbs in the form of an infusion, enema, etc. In Yoruban medicine they also use dances, spiritual baths, symbolic sacrifice, song/prayer, and a change of diet to help cure the sick. They also believe that the only true and complete cure can be a change of “consciousness” where the individual can recognize the root of the problem themselves and seek to eliminate it. Disease to the Yoruba is seen as a disruption of our connection with the Earth. “Physicians are often priests, priestesses, or high priests, or belong to a guild-like society hidden within tribal boundaries, completely secret to the outside world. In their communities, even obtaining an education in medicine may require becoming an initiate of one of these societies. The world view of a priest involves training and discipline to interpret events that are indicative of the nature of the patient’s alignment internally with their own conscious and unrecognized issues, as well as with a variety of external forces and beings which inhabit our realm and require the inner vision and wisdom of the priest to interpret.” The Yoruba tribe are large believers is preventative medicine. They are obvious criticizers of modern western medicine where we try to mask problems with drugs, rather than cure the whole of the person. According to the medicine men of Yoruba, if we listen to our bodies they will provide us with the preparation and appropriate knowledge we need to regain our balance with the Earth.

Tortoise and the King

One year the Elephant had done a great deal of damage, breaking down the trees, drinking up the water in a time of scarcity, and eating the first tender crops from the fields.

The Kings hunters tried in vain to destroy him, for Elephant knew many charms, and always escaped from their traps.

At last the King offered the hand of his daughter in marriage to anyone who would rid the country of the pest.

Tortoise went to the palace and offered to catch Elephant, and then made his preparations. Outside the town a large pit was dug, and on the top of it was laid a thin platform covered with velvet cloths and leopard-skins, like a throne.

Then Tortoise set off into the forest, accompanied by slaves and drummers. Elephant was very much surprised to see his little friend Tortoise riding in such state, and suspected a trap; but Tortoise said that the old King was dead and the people all wished Elephant to rule over them, because he was the greatest of all animals. When he heard this, Elephant was flattered, and agreed to accompany Tortoise to the town. But when he went up on to the platform to be crowned King, the wood gave way beneath him, and he crashed down into the pit and was speedily slain by the Kings hunters.

All the people rejoiced, and praised the cunning of Tortoise, who went to the palace to receive his bride. But the King refused to give his daughter to such an insignificant creature, and Tortoise determined to have a revenge. When the new crops were just ripening, he called together all the field-mice and elves, and asked them to eat up and carry away the corn. They were only too pleased with the idea, and the farmers in distress found the fields quite bare.

Now there was prospect of a famine in the land, and the King offered the same reward as before to anyone who would rid the country of the pests.

Tortoise once again appeared in the palace and offered his help. The King was eager enough to accept it, but Tortoise cautiously refused to do anything until the Princess became his bride.

The King was thus forced to consent to the marriage, and when it had taken place, Tortoise, true to his word, called together all the mice and elves and showed them a platform loaded with dainty morsels of food. He then addressed them as follows:

The people are so distressed at the damage you have done, that they have prepared this feast for you, and they promise to do the same twice every year, before the harvesting of the first and second crops, if you will agree not to touch the corn in the fields.

The little creatures all consented, and marched in a great crowd to the platform, which they soon cleared.

The King and his people were not very pleased to hear of this arrangement, but they were so afraid of Tortoise that they could not complain, and after that the mice and elves never troubled the country again.

Tortoise and Cock

One day Tortoise and Nyanribo felt very hungry, but they could not afford to buy food, and while they were discussing what might be done, Tortoise heard a cock crowing, and it gave him an idea. He went to the cock and said:

I have come to warn you. I heard the farmer asking his wife to prepare chicken for dinner tomorrow.

At this all the fowls were in great distress and wondered which of them was to be killed.

Tortoise replied:

I heard the farrners wife say that she will kill the first of you which she hears crowing or clucking in the morning.

Naturally the fowls decided to be absolutely silent.

Very early in the morning Tortoise went creeping among the fowls and stole all the eggs from the nests, taking them one by one to his house; but the cock was afraid to crow and the hens were afraid to cluck, and when the farmers wife came to collect the eggs, she found that they had all been stolen.

At this she flew into a rage, and killed all the fowls instead of one, and while the farmer and his wife had a feast of chicken, Tortoise and Nyanribo invited their friends to a feast of eggs!

Ifa Related

Counsel of Cuban Elder Ifa Priests

The Counsel of Elder Priests of Ifa of the Republic of Cuba, has expressed,
determined and required:

1- That we do not accept nor will we ever accept the Initiation of women inside
the worship of Ifa, that not be the ceremony of the Ikofa of Orunmila.

2- That we will not accept in any of our houses and calling extensively to all
in the worship of the Rule Of Ocha/Ifa, the presence of these women that say to
be Iyanifa or Oluwos and even less those Babalawos that have lent themselves for
this farce.

3- That consequently we will publish in our media the names of the people that
have
participated in this fault.

This document was prepared and carried out in the City of Havana, on the 11 day
of the month of September of 2004 and show faith the signatories.

1- Tomas Rodri guez Contreras ( Ocheleso )
2- Ruben Pineda Mariategui ( Babaegiobe)
3- Jose Manuel Pulido (Ireteunfa )
4- Angel C. Padron Cardenas (Babaegiobe)
5- Jose Cruz Diaz (Osa meji )
6- Norberto Diaz Ugarte ( Babaegiobe )
7- Julian Diaz Ugarte ( Okanarete )
8- Rogelio Diaz Ugarte ( Ojuanishobe )
9- Sergio Clerigo Mederos Soto ( Oturabara )
10-Antonio Sevilla ( Ofun meji )
11-Lucas L. Aberasturir Cabrera ( Obeyono )
12-Ignacio Gabriel Tartabur ( Obetua )
13-Mario Marino Angarica Diaz ( Ochelobe )
14-Lazaro Aldama Alfonso ( Ofunsa )
15-Francisco Escorcia Bringas ( Ogunda Bede )
16- Guido Felipe Cortés Tondique ( Obeidi )

PRIESTS ADVISORS OF THE GREATER COUNCIL

1- Adriano Omar Quevedo Zambrana ( Osaloforbeyo )
2- Carlos M. Gómez Argudà n ( Ocheleso)
3- José Fernando Campos Fernández ( Osaloforbeyo )
4- Luis Céspedes Madrazo ( Okanasa )
5- Nicolás Sánchez Cartaza ( Osaloforbeyo )
6- Aurelio Pablo Chacón ( Ikarete )
7- Raúl Miguel Boffill Quintero (Iretejuany)
8- José Angel Villalonga Vianez ( Osaguory )
9- José Antonio Leal Bernal ( Ofungando)
10- Ricardo Betancourt Ponce ( Iguoryobara)
11- Enrique Malpica Torriente ( Ogbetua)
12- Frank Cabrera ( Obeche )

Plantas de los Orishas

Hierba Orichas Nombre Científico Propiedades
Aericola (Hierva de pozo) Elegua, Ogun, Orula, Ochun Avericola  
Abre camino Ochun, Asogwano Eupatorium villosum Baños, catarro
Abrojo amarillo Ogun Tribulus terrestris infertilidad e impotencia,tratamiento de la cardiopatía isquémica
Acacia - paraíso blanco Obatala, Asogwano Moringa oleifera antioxidante anti-inflamatorio, anti-envejecimiento, promueven la salud cardiovascular,  endocrina, repara y sana tejidos, mejora el sueño y la claridad mental, la digestión,capacidad desintoxicadora
Ácana o Nispero Ogun Manilkara albescens  
Aceitunillo Orula Beilschmiedia pendula  
Aguacate Yemaya, Chango, Ogun, Oricha Oko Persea americana Dolor de muela, hemorroide
Aguacate blanco o cimarrón Changó Dendrocereus nudiflorus  
Aguinaldo blanco Obatala, Ochosi Rivea corymbosa  
Aguinaldo morado Orula Ipomoea crassicaulis  
Ají de china Ogun Solanum havanensis  
Ají dulce Yemaya Capsicum frutescens  
Ají guagua Ogun Capsicum frutescens L. Hemorroides
Alacrancillo Elegua, Ochun, Ogun, Aña, Ochosi, Osun Heliotropium indicum Dolores musculares, eczemas, hemorroides y el ácido úrico, cálculos, hemorroides, limpieza de heridas y úlceras.
Álamo Chango, Ogun, Aña Ficus religiosa  
Albahaca Ochun, Yemaya, Aña Ocimum basilicum  
Albahaca cimarrona Asogwano Ocimum gratissimum  
Albahaca mondonguera o Hierba la bruja Asogwano Ocimum basilicum  
Albahaca morada Oya Ocimun sanctum L. Catarro y afecciones relacionadas.tos
Algarrobo Chango Samanea Saman  
Algodón Obatala, Aña, Orduwa, Osun Gossypium barbadense L. Afecciones de oído
Almácigo - Indio Desnudo Ochun Bursera simaruba L. Catarro y afecciones
Almendro/ Almendrón Ochosi, Obatala Terminalia catappa  
Anón Obatala, mellis, oduduwa Annona squamosa citrica y curativa
Anamú o Mapurite Ogun Petiveria alliaceae L. Antiinflamatorio, catarro y neumonía
Añil o índigo Yemaya, Ogun Indigofera tinctoria Antiespasmódico, febrífugo, purgante, antiséptico, estimulante, astringente. En dosis altas es emético.
Anón o Riñon Obatala, Ochun, Jimaguas Annona squamosa  
Apazote Asogwano Chenopodium ambrosiodes L. Gastrointestinales parásitos, Opresiones al estomago . Estimulante. Digestivo. Cura el empacho en los niños. Casos de histeria, Cólicos, Nerviosidades, y calambres.
Aroma Elegua, Ogun Acacia farnesiana  
Arroz   Oriza sativa L. Hepatitis
Artemisa Yemaya Ambrosia artemisifolia  
Ateje (corteza sin masa) Ogun Cordia collococca La familia es potencialmente toxica. Hidropesia y presion alta.
Atiponla blanco - Tostón Elegua, Obatala, Chango Boerhaavia erecta caribaea Higado, hepatites, icterícia, males de la vesícula biliar
Ayua   Zanthoxylum martinicensis Lam Dolor de muelas
Bayoneta Obatala Yucca gloriosa  
Belladona Obatala Kalanchoe brasiliensis  
Bejuco de canastas Ochosi Trichostigma octandrum  
Bejuco leñatero   Govania polygamaLRadalk Afecciones oftámicas
Bejuco Parra   Vitis titiifolia Humb-Bonpl Hepatitis
Bejuco raíz de china   Smilax Sp. Diurético
Bejuco ubí Obatala Cissus sicyoides L. Asma y catarro
Bergamota, Lima, Limon dulce   Citrus aurantifolia Christm Presión alta
Berro Ochun Nasturtium officinale R.B. Gastrointestinales
Bija, Onoto   Bixia orellana L. Afecciones de la piel quemaduras
Bledo blanco Elegua, Obatala, Aña, Osun Amaranthus viridis L. Gastrointestinales
Bledo carbonero, Jaboncillo Ogun Phytolacca icosandra  
Bledo de clavo Obatala Amaranthus polygonoides  
Boniato -Batata Dulce Oricha Oko Ipomoea batatas  
Botón de oro Ochun Abutilon indicum  
Caimitillo Oya Chrysophyllum oliviforme  
Caimito morado Oya Chrysophyllum cainito  
Caisimón Yemaya Piper peltatum L. Gastrointestinales
Caisimón de anís, Hoja santa Asogwano Piper auritum  
Calabaza - Auyama Ochun, Oricha Oko Cucurbita moschata  
Cambia voz, Amansa guapo Yemaya Schaefferia frutescens  
Campana blanca Obatala, Orduwa Datura arborea Planta Toxica y/o puede ser mortal.
Campana morada Ogun Ipomoea crassicaulis Planta Toxica y/o puede ser mortal.
Caña brava Orun Bambusa vulgaris  
Caña mejicana   Costus speciosus Smith Parásitos, diurético
Caña santa Obatala Costus spicatus bronquios, riñon, diuretico, cicatrizante, fiebre, corazon
Canela Ochun Cinnamomum cassia  
Canistel Ochun, Jimaguas Pouteria campechiana  
Canutillo blanco Obatala Comnelina elegans y Comnelina longicaulis  
Canutillo morado [Canutillo] Yemaya, Chango, Aña Commelina elegans  
Cardo santo Ogun, Ochosi Argemone mexicana  
Cardón Asogwano Euphorbia lactea  
Carolina Oya Pachira insignis  
Cebolla   Allium cepa Asma
Ceiba Chango, Aña, Orduwa Ceiba pentandra  
Cerraja Ochun Sonchus oleraceus  
Chaya   Iatropha aethiopica Muell. Afecciones circulatorias
Chichicate   Urera baccifera L Gaud Cálculo
Chirimoya Obatala, Asogwano, Jimaguas Annona Cherimolia  
Ciruela huesito Yemaya, Chango, Asogwano Spondias purpurea  
Coco Asowano Cocos nucifera L. Dolor de muela
Colonia Asogwano Alpinia speciosa  
Copal   Protium cubensisRoxbVib. relacionadas
Coquito africano Orula    
Coralillo Ochosi, Changó Antigonon leptopus comestible
Corazon de Paloma Elegua    
Cordobán Chango, Ogun, Aña, Oya Rhoeo discolor spathaceasw Catarro y afecciones relacionadas
Cuaba amarilla Ochosi Amyris balsamifera  
Cuaba negra Yemaya Erithalis fruticosa  
Cuajaní   Pruno occidentalis SW Catarro
Cucaracha Oya, Yemaya Zebrina pendula  
Cucaracha morada Yemaya, Oya Zezrina purpusii  
Culantrillo de pozo Ochun Adiantum tenerum  
Culantro de monte Yemaya Eryngium foetidum  
Cundeamor Ochun, Asogwano, Orula Momordica charantia L Gastrointestinales
Curbana, Palo malambo   Canella winterana L. Afecciones reumáticas y artritis
Curujey Elegua, Chango,Aña Hohenbergia penduliflora  
Diez d día, Bella a las 11 Yemaya Portulaca pilosa  
Don chayo Obatala Jatropha urens  
Doradilla   Polypodium polypodioides Hepatitis
Dormidera Ochosi Mimosa pudica L. Dolor de muelas, piel
Embeleso, Celestina Ochosi, Ochun Plumbago capensis  
Escoba amarga Asogwano Parthenium hysterophorus  
Estropajo Asogwano Luffa cylindrica  
Eucalipto Obatala, Ogun Eucalyptus resinifera Catarro, tos
Filigrana Chango, Aña Lantana camara  
Flor de agua Obatala, Ochun, Yemaya, Aña Eichhornia azurea o Eichhornia crassipes  
Flor de mármol Obatala, Orduwa Sedum monregalese  
Flor de muerto Ochun, Ogun Tagetes erecta  
Fosforito Obatala Cuphea ignea  
Framboyán - Acacia Oya Delonix regia Diarrea
Frescura Obatala, Ogun Pilea microphylla  
Fruta bomba (Papaya) Ochosi, Ochun, Oricha Oko Carica papaya De aqui se extrae la papaína para cura de enfermedades estomacales
Fruta del pan Obatala Artocarpus altilis  
Galán de noche Obatala Cestrum nocturnum  
Geranio Chango Pelargonium graveolens  
Girasol  Ochun Helianthus annuus  
Granada Obatala Punica granatum L. Úlceras, catarro
Grénguere Chango Corchorus olitorius  
Guacalote  Chango Canavalia cubensis  
Guacamaya francesa Ochun Cassia Senna alata Afecciones de la piel
Guaco   Mikania sp. Gastrointestinales
Guajaca   Tillandsia usneoides L. Diabetis
Guamá Ogun,Ochosi Lonchocarpus sericeusPairDC Afecciones renales, antimicrobial, antinflamatorio
Guamá de costa Ochun Lonchocarpus latifolius  
Guanábana Obatala, Asogwano, Jimaguas, Oricha Oko Annona muricata Lea Aqui
Guanina Orula Cassia tora  
Guásima Yemaya Guajuma tomentosa ulmifolia Lam. Granos, diarreas, antiinflamatorio
Guayaba Elegua, Jimaguas Psidium guajaba L.  
Güira   Crescentia cujete L. Catarro y afecciones relacionadas
Guisaso de caballo   Xanthium occidentales B. Afecciones renales
Guizazo de Baracoa Ogun Xanthium chinense  
Helecho hembra  Ochosi Asplenium Filix-Foemina, Pteris aquilana  
Helecho de Rio Ochun y todos los Orichas    
Heneken o Sisal   Agave fourcroydes Hacer Yute, y mecatillo
Hiedra Obatala, Orduwa Ficus pumila  
Hierba buena Chango, Asogwano Mentha nemorosa  
Hierba de garro Oya, Orun Spermacoce teniuor  
Hierba de la niña Ochun, Aña Euphorbia hirta, Phyllanthus swartzii  
Hierba de la vieja Ochun Flavería trinervia  
Hierba de sangre, Rompe Camisa Asogwano Cordia globosaJackH.B.L. Intoxicaciones. sus hojas se emplea para contener las hemorragias y los esputos de sangre.
Hierba de sapo [Oroazul] Ogun Phyla strigillosa  
Hierba del pasmo   Teucrium cubense Jack Gastrointestinales
Hierba fina Elegua, Obatala, Ogun, Aña, Ochosi Cynodon dactylon  
Hierba gomosa Aña    
Hierba hedionda Chango, Orula Cassia occidentails  
Hierba la pascua Aña, Oya    
Hierba Luisa o Flor de España Elegua Lippia alba Gastrointestinales
Hierba mora Ogun Solanum nigrum Culebrilla, catarro, hemorragias, heridas
Higuereta Obatala, Chango Ricinus communis minor Purgante
Hino macho Ochun Dryopteris tetragona  
Hojas de ero africano Chango    
Hojas de kola Chango Cola acuminata  
Incienso   Artemisia abrotamum L. Gastrointestinalesincluye parásitos
Incienso de costa Yemaya, Ogun, Ochosi Tournefortia gnaphalodes  
Itamo real (otro tipo) Yemaya, Elegua Ephedra nevadensis Catarro, antibacterial
Itamo real (principal) Yemaya, Elegua Potentilla candicans L. Catarro, antibacterial
Jaboncillo Ochun Sapindus saponarius  
Jagua Yemaya Genipa americana  
Jagüey Chango Ficus Bengalensis  
Jengibre Chango Zingiber officinale gastro-intestinal
Jiquí Yemaya Pera bumeliaefolia  
Jobo Chango Spondias mombin L. Afecciones de la piel
Larolito   Cadiospermum halicabum L. Catarro
Lechuga   Lactuca sativa L. Migraña
Lechuguilla  Yemaya Pistia commuttata, Pistia occidentalis  
Lengua de las mujeres Obatala Pilea nummularifolia  
Lengua de vaca Ogun Sanseveria guineensis Antitusigeno.
Lima   Citrus limon L. Albúmina, presión
Limonero   Citrus bergamia Risso Circulacion, presion arterial, activa sucos gastricos
Lirio de agua - Ashibata Ochun, Yemaya Zantedeschia Aethiopica Anafrodisíaco
Lirio de sierra   Plumeria sp. Dolor de muela
Llanten Llanten, Obatala, Orduwa Plantagu majon L. Gastrointestinales, catarro
Maboa   Cameraria latifolia L. Dolor de muela
Macurije   Matayba apetalaMacfRadik Hongos
Maguey   Agave sp. Afecciones de la piel
Maíz Oricha Oko Zea mays L. Diurético
Majagua   Hibiscus elatus SW Hepatitis
Malanga - Ocumo Yemaya, Asogwano, Aña, Oricha Oko Xanthosoma sagitufolium L. Afecciones oftálmicas
Malva Blanca   Waltheria índica L. Afecciones de piel
Malva té Chango Corchorus siliquosus Asma, anticelulitico
Mamey colorado - Sapote Ochun, Chango, Oya Pouteria mamosa L Cranquist. Calocarpumx Catarro y tos
Mamey Sto.Domingo Jimaguas, Orula Pouteria mamosa  Afecciones de la piel Mamea americana
Mamoncillo Jimaguas Melicocca bijuga  
Manajú   Rheedia aristata griseb Para adelgazar, hemorragias heridas
Mandelamina   Belamcanda chinencisLDC Cálculos Renales
Mangle rojo Chango Rhizophora mangle L. Hongos, hepatitis, gastrointestinales, cáncer
Mango Obatala, Jimaguas, Oricha Oko Mangifera indica  
Maní  Asogwano Arachis hypogaea  
Mano de San Francisco Orula    
Mano poderosa Orula    
Manto Oya Coleus blumei  
Manzanilla   Matricaria recufita L. Gastrointestinales y de la piel
Maravilla Ochun, Chango, Orula Mirabilis jalapa L. Hemorroides, piel
Marilope Ochun Turnera ulmifolia L. Gastrointestinales
Marpacífico  Chango Hibiscus rosa-sinensis  
Mastuerzo Elegua Lepidium virginicum L. Afecciones renales
Mazorquilla Chango Blechum Brownei  
Mejorana Elegua, Obatala, Ochun Majorana hortensis, Origanum marjorana Antiespamodico
Meloncillo Ogun Melothria guadalupensis  
Menta   Mentha piperita L. Gastrointestinales
Menta Jamaiquina Ochosi    
Millo o Sorgo Obatala Sorghum vulgare Emoliente y protector de la mucosa intestinal,frenador del metabolismo.
Mostaza cimarrona   Brassica juncea L. Catarro y afecciones relacionadas
Ñame Oricha Oko Dioscorea cayenensis Digestivo
Naranja Jimaguas Citrus sinensis Sedante nervioso, digestivo
Naranja agria Ogun Citrus aurantium var. Amara Asma, catarro
Naranjo Amargo   Citrus aurantim L. Asma, catarro
Nitro   Boldoa Purpuracea Cav exleg Hepatitis, cálculos
No me olvides  Ochun Duranta repens  
Nogal de Cuba   Iunglans jamaicencis CDCinDC Abortiva
Orégano cimarrón   Ocimun gratissimum L. Catarro y afecciones relaciondastos, Antigotosa, Antirreumática, Antiinfecciosa, Diurética: (raíz
Oro azul Ochun Phyla strigillosa  
Oruzuz   Phyla scaberrima AGJuss M. Asma, catarro y tos
Palma real Chango, Orula Roystonea regia  
Palo de caja   Allaphyllus comineaLSW Diabetes, Gastrointestinales
Panetela Ochun, Xylophylla angustifolia  
Papito de la reina Yemaya Centrosema plumieri  
Para mí [Ponasí] Yemaya Hamelia patens analgésicas,  antiinflamatorias
Palo de arco Yemaya Tecoma stans cura disfuncion sexual
Palo Moruro   pithecellobium arboreun  
Paragüita Yemaya Cyperus alternifolius  
Paraíso Elegua, Obatala Melia azederach  
Paraná   Panicum purpurancens Raddi Parásitos
Parra Ochun Vitis vinifera Afecciones circulatorias, hemorragias
Pata de gallina  Ochosi, Aña, Orula Dactyloctenium aegyptium  
Pega pollo Yemaya Priva lappulácea  
Pendejera Asogwano Solanum toruum sp. Dolor de muelas
Peonia - Guereyeye Ochosi (mata y hojas), Chango, Aña Ormosia monosperma - Abrus precatorius Anti Cancer
Peralejo   Byrsonima crassifoliaLHBK Dolor de muelasneuralgia
Peregún Elegua, Ogun Dracaena Fragans  
Pimienta Cimarron o Guayabita   Pimienta dioca L. Merr. problemas nerviosos, Dolor de muelas (aceite)
Piña Jimaguas Ananas comosus Antiinflamatorio,
hipolipemiante,diuretico, vitaminico
Piña de ratón Orula Bromelia pinguin  
Pino   Pinus caribaea Morelet Dolor de muelas
Piñón de Botija Obatala, Chango, Aña Jatropha curcas (Venenosa)
Pitahaya Chango Hylocereus triangularis  
Platanillo Ochun, Chango Piper aduncum L. Infección renal
Platanillo de Cuba Chango, Jimaguas canna coccinea  
Plátano Chango, Elegua Musa paradisiaca L. Catarro, dolor de muelas, hepatitis, afecciones oftámicas, cáncer
Ponasí Ogun, Shangó Hamelia patens antihemorrágico  cicatrizante, antiinflamatorio, analgésico, febrífugas y antifúngicas
Pomarrosa Ochun Syzygium jambos  
Prodigiosa - Siempreviva Obatala, Aña, Ochosi, Orduwa Briophyllus pinnatumLamKurz Catarro y afecciones relacionadasdolor de garganta
Quiebrahacha Oya Copaifera hymenaefolis  
Quimbombó Chango, Oricha Oko Hibiscus esculentus  
Quita maldición Obatala Caesalpinia major  
Rabo de gato   Achyrantes aspera L. Afecciones renales
Rabo de zorra Ogun Trichachne insularis  
Remolacha Obatala Beta vulgaris Remineralizante, vitaminico
Resedá - Resedá francesa Ochun Lawsonia alba  
Romerillo Obatala, Elegua, Ochun Bidens pilosa L. Gastrointestinales
Romerillo amarillo Ochun, Orula Weddelia rugosa tenuis  
Romero Ochun Rosmarinus officinalis L. Dolor de oídos
Rompe camisa Asogwano Damianaturnera diffusa willd Tonificante nervioso,estimulante de los organos genitales, diuretico suave
Rompesaragüey Yemaya, Ogun, Asogwano, Jimaguas, Ochosi Eupatorium Odoratum L. Afecciones de la piel
Rosa francesa   Nerium oleander L. Afecciones de la piel
Ruda Egun Ruta graveolens Afecciones de oídos, Emenagoga, oftálmica, antiespasmódica y rubefaciente
Sábila   Aloe barbadensis Mill Hepatitis, hemorroides
Sacu sacu Chango   Riñones
Saiao Obatala,Yemaya Kalanchoe brasiliensis hoja marchita:callos, erisipelas, aftas, quemaduras, tumores, picadas insectos. Infusion: tos, dabetes
Salvadera o Jabillo Chango Hura crepitans  
Salvia Asogwano, Orduwa Pluchea odorata dolor de cabeza, tos, diarrea
Salvia de Castilla   Salvia officinalis L. Catarro
Sargazo Orun Sargassum  
Sarnilla   Casearia sylvestris SW Gastrointestinalesresfriados
Sasafrás   Bursera graveolens Triana et Afecciones oftálmicas
Sauco Elegua, Obatala, Ochun Sambucus simpsonii canadensis Afecciones oftámicas Rehder Ex Sarg
Seso Vegetal Obatala Blighia sapida, Cupania sapida Rogaciones de cabeza contra locura o problemas de la cabeza
Seso vegetal Obatala Blighia sapida  
Siguaraya Elegua, Chango Trichilia glabra  
Tabaco   Nicotiana tabacum L. Hemorragias, heridas
Tábano   Povonia fructicosa Mill. Afecciones de pielhongos y granos, reuma y artritis
Tamarindo Oya Tamarindus índicu L. Hepatitis
Tengue   Peoppigia procera pres. Catarro y afecciones re lacionadas
Tilo   Justicia pectoralis Jacq. Catarro y afecciones relacion. con  nervios
Toronja Obatala Citrus paradisi Presión alta
Toronjil Asogwano Melissa officinalis Resfriados, Gripe
Túa Túa Yemaya Latropha gossypifolia L. Afecciones circulatorias
Tuna Chango, Ogun Opuntia sp. Hepatitis
Tuna brava   Opuntia dillenii  
Uva caleta Oya, Ogun Coccoloba uvifera  
Uva gomosa Yemaya Cordia alba  
Vencedor, Sauzgatillo o Arbusto de la pimienta Obatala Zanthoxylum pistacifolium Anti Hongos, Amenorrea (falta temporal de la menstruacion), nervios
Verbena Ochosi, Yemaya Verbena officinalis Depresion
Verdolaga Elegua, Obatala, Yemaya Portulaca Oleracea Ulceras
Vergonzosa o Dormidera Asogwano Mimosa Pudica dolor de muela
Vicaria  Ogun Vinca rosea Antiinfeccioso ocular
Vinagrillo o Trebol Obatala Oxalis violacea Antidiarreico
Yagruma Yemaya, Chango, Oya Cecropia peltata L. Presión baja, afecciones renaleshematurias, hemorroides
Yaguna   Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Hematuria, Diuretico
Yamao o Cedro Macho Yemaya Guarea quidonia L. Sleumer Hemorroides y heridas
Yaya   Oxandra lanceolataS.WBail Gastrointestinales
Yuca Oricha Oko Manihot sculenta crantz Gastrointestinales
Zapote Ochun, Jimaguas Achras sapote Vitaminas A y C, tonifica la digestion, normaliza los intestinos
Zarzaparrilla Ochun, Jimaguas Smilax medica Diuretica

Ebo en el Ate

How to do an Ebo on the Opon Ifa
According to way Miguel Febles Padron performed the ritual
Translated by Ogbeate

this page is not yet completed,
I intend to add images or drawings soon to correct misaligned Odu


Table of Contents

1 Preparation of the required material for Ebo on the Opon
2 The 4 different tablets used on the Opon during the Ebo
3 Instructions pertaining to the first tablet on the Opon
4 Instructions pertaining to the second tablet on the Opon
5 Instructions pertaining to the third tablet on the Opon
6 Instructions pertaining to the fourth tablet on the Opon
7 Conclusion of the Ebo

Part One: The preparation of the Ebo

1 Find a square piece of strong brown, shopping bag paper. about a foot square, and place inside a smaller square of paper. This now become the Ebo any reference to ebo means that the items are added to the paper square

2 Take the leaf of the Malanga remove the central stem on the leaf, and the three points. place it in the ebo at the center of the 2 sheets of paper.

3 Take an eko remove the paper wrapping. and place some on the leaf

4 Take some Epo and spread liberally over the Eko then add three pieces of Ekute and three pieces of Fish

5 add also toasted corn, and some dirt from the doorway of the home. If the home has more than one entrance, add dirt from every doorway. bring the dirt in both your hands, first adding to the paper ebo with your right hand and saying the words INLE LALHELU and
then with your left hand and say INLE LALHELA

6 After the dirt is added , combine with all the items specified for the particular ebo. If an item is to large, keep it outside of the ebo so that you can better perform the ritual.

7 Lastly add Oti and honey, then you are ready to begin the ritual at the Opon Ifa.

8 At the place where the ritual will be performed, you should already have the mat with the Opon Ifa in the center, the Irofa and the okuele to the left and to the right the brush, container of water and a sheet with the odu for the particular ebo. any animals that might be required and those items that might be too large to include inside the ebo

9 The ebo, now having been prepared, should remain to the right of the mat, in front of the Opon Ifa

Different Arrangements of Odu on the Opon Ifa to perform an ebo

To perform the Ebo in such a way that it meets all the required rituals and ceremonies the babalawo needs to place on the opon Ifa certain odu of Ifa at different times during the procedure. These different parts of the entire ritual have been called Tablets of Ifa. Since they are placed upon the Opon Ifa . A through understanding will make it easier to explain the ebo completely.

Tablet number 1
This is the most important of all, although not diminishing the other tablets used during the process. Without which the ebo would be incomplete. This tablet is begun by placing the odu. Baba Eyiogbe in the center. Starting from the bottom upwards. dividing the opon ifa into two equal parts. to the right of the lines, place the combination signs of Ifa. to the left place the melli sign of Ifa. after adding the melli signs to the left side, also place the odu’s of Iwori Ojuani and Iroso Umbemi
An example of the first tablet of the Opon Ifa follows below.

Tablet number 2
This tablets is used so the person that is receiving the ebo can symbolically wash the hands with the feathers of the ebo. The hands are washed with the feathers and then they are deposited in the ebo itself. place in the center of the Opon Ifa the sign that brought about the ebo, and also Ogbe Iroso and Otura Oche

Tablet number 3
This tablet is used to seal the ebo, after all the required rituals are performed and the final destination for the ebo is determined by the ebo. just as you did in tablet number 1, place the odu Baba Eyiogbe so that it divides the opon ifa into sections, but this time also draw a line across to divide the opon into four parts. DO NOT CROSS THE SIGN IN THE CENTER

Tablet number 4
This tablet is used to dismiss the ebo,

remember that every time that the odu Ika Melli is invoked, the opon ifa should be encircled with the two middle fingers to build a house around ifa and the iroso that remains in the finger tips should be added to the ebo.

First tablet

II II OO OO II II XX IO
II OO II OO II OO XX IO
OO OO II OO II II XX IO
OO II OO OO II IO XX IO

OO II OO II OO II II II II OI OO
II II OO OO OO II II OI IO IO II
II II OO OO II II II OI IO II OI
II OO II OO II IO OI OI IO OO IO

II II II OO OO II OO II II IO OI
OO II OO OO II OI IO IO OI II II
II OO II II OO II OI II II II II
OO II II OO OO IO OI II II II II

OO II OI OI OI II
II OO IO IO II OI
OO II II OO OI OI
II OI II OI IO II

II OO OO II II OO OO II
II OI OO OI IO II II IO
IO II OO IO OI IO OI OI
IO IO OI II IO II II II

these odu should be written left to right

Second Tablet

II XX II
OO XX II
II XX OI
OI XX OI

Feathers and Ache de Ifa are used to break the odus that have been placed on the opon by using a circular motion with the Irofa. Then and place them in the person hands.

The person rubs them with his hands and adds all to the ebo
The odu labeled with an X represents the odu that was cast originally for the person prior to the this ebo.

Third Tablet