Awonifa

Study the Teaching of Ifa and the Orisha's

Olarosa (?Alarense, helper) is the tutelary deity of Houses. He is represented as armed with a stick or sword, and his image is found in almost every household guarding the entrance. His office is to drive away sorcerers and evil spirits, and to keep elegua from entering the house.

Yoruba Fokelore

Tortoise and the Pigeon

TORTOISE and Pigeon were often seen walking together, but unfortunately Tortoise treated his friend rather badly, and often played tricks on him. Pigeon never complained, and put up with everything in a good-humoured way. Once Tortoise came to him and said:

I am going on a journey to-day to visit my cousins; will you come with me?

Pigeon agreed to accompany him, and they set off. When they had go ne some distance they came to a river, and Pigeon was forced to take Tortoise upon his back and fly across with him.

Soon afterwards they reached the house of Tortoises cousins. Tortoise left his friend standing at the door while he went inside and greeted his relatives. They had prepared a feast for him, and they all began to eat together.

Will you not ask your friend to eat with us? said the cousins; but Tortoise was so greedy that he did not wish Pigeon to share the feast, and replied:

My friend is a silly fellow, he will not eat in a strangers house, and he is so shy that he refuses to come in.

After some time Tortoise bade farewell to his cousins, saying, Greetings to you on your hospitality, and came out of the house. But Pigeon, who was both tired and hungry, had heard his words and determined to pay him out for once.

When they reached the river-bank, he took Tortoise up once again on his back; when he had flown half-way across, he allowed Tortoise to fall off into the river. But, by chance, instead of falling into the water, he landed on the back of a crocodile which was floating on the surface, and when the crocodile came up to the bank, Tortoise quickly descended and hurried away.

Pigeon saw what had happened, and that Tortoise had safely reached the land; so he flew ahead of him until he came to a field where a dead horse was lying.

To trick Tortoise once more, Pigeon cut off the horses head and stuck it in the ground, as if it grew there like a plant.

When Tortoise reached the field and saw the horses head, he went straight away to the King of the country and told him that he knew of a place where horses heads grew like plants.

If this is true, said the King, I will reward you with a great treasure; but if it is false, you must die.

The King and a large crowd of people accompanied Tortoise to the field, but meanwhile Pigeon had removed the head. Tortoise ran about looking for it, but in vain, and he was condemned to die. A large fire was made, and Tortoise was thrown on to it.

But now Pigeon repented of the trick he had done, and quickly called together all the birds of the air. They came like a wind, beating out the fire with their wings, and so rescued Tortoise.

When Pigeon had explained this trick, the King pardoned Tortoise, and allowed the two friends to depart in safety.

The Deaths of the Tortoise

TORTOISE had many enemies, and they plotted together to kill him.

One night when Tortoise was asleep in his hut, they set fire to it, and as they saw the flames leaping up, they said to one another:

He cannot escape. He will die.

But Tortoise drew himself into his shell and was untouched by the fire, and in the morning his enemies were astonished to see him walking about as usual.

Soon they made another plan and threw Tortoise into a pool of water.

The pool is deep. He will drown, said his enemies to one another.

But Tortoise had drawn himself into his shell and was secure, and at noon the sun shone fiercely and dried up the pool.

That evening Tortoise walked about the village as if nothing had happened, and his enemies were astonished.

The next day they made a third attempt to kill him. They made a deep hole in the ground and buried Tortoise, and this time they were quite sure he could not escape. To mark the place, they put a bamboo stake in the ground.

Meanwhile a man who was passing saw the bamboo stake, and thought, Someone has buried a treasure here! He called his friends, and they began to dig, but all they found was Tortoise fast asleep inside his shell.

Tortoise walked about the village again, looking very happy, and his enemies were filled with astonishment.

He has a charm, and we shall never be able to kill him, they said to one another, and from that day they left him in peace.

Orisha Herbs

Obatala
Skullcap, Sage, Kola Nut, Basil, Hyssop, Blue Vervain, White Willow, Valerian

Elegua
All Herbs

Oshun
Yellow Dock, Burdock, Cinnamon, Damiana, Anis, Raspberry, Yarrow, Chamomile, Lotus, Uva-Ursi, Buchu, Myrrh, Echinacea

Yemaya
Kelp, Squawvine, Cohosh, Dandelion, Yarrow, Aloe, Spirulina, Mints, Passion Flower, Wild Yam Root

Ogun
Eucalyptus, Alfalfa, Hawthorn, Bloodroot, Parsley, Motherwort, Garlic

Oya
Mullein, Comfrey, Cherrybark, Pleurisy Root, Elecampane, Horehound, Chickweed

Shango
Plantain, Saw Palmetto, Hibiscus, Fo-ti, Sarsaparilla, Nettles, Cayenne

Ifa Related

Plantas de los Orishas

Hierba Orichas Nombre Científico Propiedades
Aericola (Hierva de pozo) Elegua, Ogun, Orula, Ochun Avericola  
Abre camino Ochun, Asogwano Eupatorium villosum Baños, catarro
Abrojo amarillo Ogun Tribulus terrestris infertilidad e impotencia,tratamiento de la cardiopatía isquémica
Acacia - paraíso blanco Obatala, Asogwano Moringa oleifera antioxidante anti-inflamatorio, anti-envejecimiento, promueven la salud cardiovascular,  endocrina, repara y sana tejidos, mejora el sueño y la claridad mental, la digestión,capacidad desintoxicadora
Ácana o Nispero Ogun Manilkara albescens  
Aceitunillo Orula Beilschmiedia pendula  
Aguacate Yemaya, Chango, Ogun, Oricha Oko Persea americana Dolor de muela, hemorroide
Aguacate blanco o cimarrón Changó Dendrocereus nudiflorus  
Aguinaldo blanco Obatala, Ochosi Rivea corymbosa  
Aguinaldo morado Orula Ipomoea crassicaulis  
Ají de china Ogun Solanum havanensis  
Ají dulce Yemaya Capsicum frutescens  
Ají guagua Ogun Capsicum frutescens L. Hemorroides
Alacrancillo Elegua, Ochun, Ogun, Aña, Ochosi, Osun Heliotropium indicum Dolores musculares, eczemas, hemorroides y el ácido úrico, cálculos, hemorroides, limpieza de heridas y úlceras.
Álamo Chango, Ogun, Aña Ficus religiosa  
Albahaca Ochun, Yemaya, Aña Ocimum basilicum  
Albahaca cimarrona Asogwano Ocimum gratissimum  
Albahaca mondonguera o Hierba la bruja Asogwano Ocimum basilicum  
Albahaca morada Oya Ocimun sanctum L. Catarro y afecciones relacionadas.tos
Algarrobo Chango Samanea Saman  
Algodón Obatala, Aña, Orduwa, Osun Gossypium barbadense L. Afecciones de oído
Almácigo - Indio Desnudo Ochun Bursera simaruba L. Catarro y afecciones
Almendro/ Almendrón Ochosi, Obatala Terminalia catappa  
Anón Obatala, mellis, oduduwa Annona squamosa citrica y curativa
Anamú o Mapurite Ogun Petiveria alliaceae L. Antiinflamatorio, catarro y neumonía
Añil o índigo Yemaya, Ogun Indigofera tinctoria Antiespasmódico, febrífugo, purgante, antiséptico, estimulante, astringente. En dosis altas es emético.
Anón o Riñon Obatala, Ochun, Jimaguas Annona squamosa  
Apazote Asogwano Chenopodium ambrosiodes L. Gastrointestinales parásitos, Opresiones al estomago . Estimulante. Digestivo. Cura el empacho en los niños. Casos de histeria, Cólicos, Nerviosidades, y calambres.
Aroma Elegua, Ogun Acacia farnesiana  
Arroz   Oriza sativa L. Hepatitis
Artemisa Yemaya Ambrosia artemisifolia  
Ateje (corteza sin masa) Ogun Cordia collococca La familia es potencialmente toxica. Hidropesia y presion alta.
Atiponla blanco - Tostón Elegua, Obatala, Chango Boerhaavia erecta caribaea Higado, hepatites, icterícia, males de la vesícula biliar
Ayua   Zanthoxylum martinicensis Lam Dolor de muelas
Bayoneta Obatala Yucca gloriosa  
Belladona Obatala Kalanchoe brasiliensis  
Bejuco de canastas Ochosi Trichostigma octandrum  
Bejuco leñatero   Govania polygamaLRadalk Afecciones oftámicas
Bejuco Parra   Vitis titiifolia Humb-Bonpl Hepatitis
Bejuco raíz de china   Smilax Sp. Diurético
Bejuco ubí Obatala Cissus sicyoides L. Asma y catarro
Bergamota, Lima, Limon dulce   Citrus aurantifolia Christm Presión alta
Berro Ochun Nasturtium officinale R.B. Gastrointestinales
Bija, Onoto   Bixia orellana L. Afecciones de la piel quemaduras
Bledo blanco Elegua, Obatala, Aña, Osun Amaranthus viridis L. Gastrointestinales
Bledo carbonero, Jaboncillo Ogun Phytolacca icosandra  
Bledo de clavo Obatala Amaranthus polygonoides  
Boniato -Batata Dulce Oricha Oko Ipomoea batatas  
Botón de oro Ochun Abutilon indicum  
Caimitillo Oya Chrysophyllum oliviforme  
Caimito morado Oya Chrysophyllum cainito  
Caisimón Yemaya Piper peltatum L. Gastrointestinales
Caisimón de anís, Hoja santa Asogwano Piper auritum  
Calabaza - Auyama Ochun, Oricha Oko Cucurbita moschata  
Cambia voz, Amansa guapo Yemaya Schaefferia frutescens  
Campana blanca Obatala, Orduwa Datura arborea Planta Toxica y/o puede ser mortal.
Campana morada Ogun Ipomoea crassicaulis Planta Toxica y/o puede ser mortal.
Caña brava Orun Bambusa vulgaris  
Caña mejicana   Costus speciosus Smith Parásitos, diurético
Caña santa Obatala Costus spicatus bronquios, riñon, diuretico, cicatrizante, fiebre, corazon
Canela Ochun Cinnamomum cassia  
Canistel Ochun, Jimaguas Pouteria campechiana  
Canutillo blanco Obatala Comnelina elegans y Comnelina longicaulis  
Canutillo morado [Canutillo] Yemaya, Chango, Aña Commelina elegans  
Cardo santo Ogun, Ochosi Argemone mexicana  
Cardón Asogwano Euphorbia lactea  
Carolina Oya Pachira insignis  
Cebolla   Allium cepa Asma
Ceiba Chango, Aña, Orduwa Ceiba pentandra  
Cerraja Ochun Sonchus oleraceus  
Chaya   Iatropha aethiopica Muell. Afecciones circulatorias
Chichicate   Urera baccifera L Gaud Cálculo
Chirimoya Obatala, Asogwano, Jimaguas Annona Cherimolia  
Ciruela huesito Yemaya, Chango, Asogwano Spondias purpurea  
Coco Asowano Cocos nucifera L. Dolor de muela
Colonia Asogwano Alpinia speciosa  
Copal   Protium cubensisRoxbVib. relacionadas
Coquito africano Orula    
Coralillo Ochosi, Changó Antigonon leptopus comestible
Corazon de Paloma Elegua    
Cordobán Chango, Ogun, Aña, Oya Rhoeo discolor spathaceasw Catarro y afecciones relacionadas
Cuaba amarilla Ochosi Amyris balsamifera  
Cuaba negra Yemaya Erithalis fruticosa  
Cuajaní   Pruno occidentalis SW Catarro
Cucaracha Oya, Yemaya Zebrina pendula  
Cucaracha morada Yemaya, Oya Zezrina purpusii  
Culantrillo de pozo Ochun Adiantum tenerum  
Culantro de monte Yemaya Eryngium foetidum  
Cundeamor Ochun, Asogwano, Orula Momordica charantia L Gastrointestinales
Curbana, Palo malambo   Canella winterana L. Afecciones reumáticas y artritis
Curujey Elegua, Chango,Aña Hohenbergia penduliflora  
Diez d día, Bella a las 11 Yemaya Portulaca pilosa  
Don chayo Obatala Jatropha urens  
Doradilla   Polypodium polypodioides Hepatitis
Dormidera Ochosi Mimosa pudica L. Dolor de muelas, piel
Embeleso, Celestina Ochosi, Ochun Plumbago capensis  
Escoba amarga Asogwano Parthenium hysterophorus  
Estropajo Asogwano Luffa cylindrica  
Eucalipto Obatala, Ogun Eucalyptus resinifera Catarro, tos
Filigrana Chango, Aña Lantana camara  
Flor de agua Obatala, Ochun, Yemaya, Aña Eichhornia azurea o Eichhornia crassipes  
Flor de mármol Obatala, Orduwa Sedum monregalese  
Flor de muerto Ochun, Ogun Tagetes erecta  
Fosforito Obatala Cuphea ignea  
Framboyán - Acacia Oya Delonix regia Diarrea
Frescura Obatala, Ogun Pilea microphylla  
Fruta bomba (Papaya) Ochosi, Ochun, Oricha Oko Carica papaya De aqui se extrae la papaína para cura de enfermedades estomacales
Fruta del pan Obatala Artocarpus altilis  
Galán de noche Obatala Cestrum nocturnum  
Geranio Chango Pelargonium graveolens  
Girasol  Ochun Helianthus annuus  
Granada Obatala Punica granatum L. Úlceras, catarro
Grénguere Chango Corchorus olitorius  
Guacalote  Chango Canavalia cubensis  
Guacamaya francesa Ochun Cassia Senna alata Afecciones de la piel
Guaco   Mikania sp. Gastrointestinales
Guajaca   Tillandsia usneoides L. Diabetis
Guamá Ogun,Ochosi Lonchocarpus sericeusPairDC Afecciones renales, antimicrobial, antinflamatorio
Guamá de costa Ochun Lonchocarpus latifolius  
Guanábana Obatala, Asogwano, Jimaguas, Oricha Oko Annona muricata Lea Aqui
Guanina Orula Cassia tora  
Guásima Yemaya Guajuma tomentosa ulmifolia Lam. Granos, diarreas, antiinflamatorio
Guayaba Elegua, Jimaguas Psidium guajaba L.  
Güira   Crescentia cujete L. Catarro y afecciones relacionadas
Guisaso de caballo   Xanthium occidentales B. Afecciones renales
Guizazo de Baracoa Ogun Xanthium chinense  
Helecho hembra  Ochosi Asplenium Filix-Foemina, Pteris aquilana  
Helecho de Rio Ochun y todos los Orichas    
Heneken o Sisal   Agave fourcroydes Hacer Yute, y mecatillo
Hiedra Obatala, Orduwa Ficus pumila  
Hierba buena Chango, Asogwano Mentha nemorosa  
Hierba de garro Oya, Orun Spermacoce teniuor  
Hierba de la niña Ochun, Aña Euphorbia hirta, Phyllanthus swartzii  
Hierba de la vieja Ochun Flavería trinervia  
Hierba de sangre, Rompe Camisa Asogwano Cordia globosaJackH.B.L. Intoxicaciones. sus hojas se emplea para contener las hemorragias y los esputos de sangre.
Hierba de sapo [Oroazul] Ogun Phyla strigillosa  
Hierba del pasmo   Teucrium cubense Jack Gastrointestinales
Hierba fina Elegua, Obatala, Ogun, Aña, Ochosi Cynodon dactylon  
Hierba gomosa Aña    
Hierba hedionda Chango, Orula Cassia occidentails  
Hierba la pascua Aña, Oya    
Hierba Luisa o Flor de España Elegua Lippia alba Gastrointestinales
Hierba mora Ogun Solanum nigrum Culebrilla, catarro, hemorragias, heridas
Higuereta Obatala, Chango Ricinus communis minor Purgante
Hino macho Ochun Dryopteris tetragona  
Hojas de ero africano Chango    
Hojas de kola Chango Cola acuminata  
Incienso   Artemisia abrotamum L. Gastrointestinalesincluye parásitos
Incienso de costa Yemaya, Ogun, Ochosi Tournefortia gnaphalodes  
Itamo real (otro tipo) Yemaya, Elegua Ephedra nevadensis Catarro, antibacterial
Itamo real (principal) Yemaya, Elegua Potentilla candicans L. Catarro, antibacterial
Jaboncillo Ochun Sapindus saponarius  
Jagua Yemaya Genipa americana  
Jagüey Chango Ficus Bengalensis  
Jengibre Chango Zingiber officinale gastro-intestinal
Jiquí Yemaya Pera bumeliaefolia  
Jobo Chango Spondias mombin L. Afecciones de la piel
Larolito   Cadiospermum halicabum L. Catarro
Lechuga   Lactuca sativa L. Migraña
Lechuguilla  Yemaya Pistia commuttata, Pistia occidentalis  
Lengua de las mujeres Obatala Pilea nummularifolia  
Lengua de vaca Ogun Sanseveria guineensis Antitusigeno.
Lima   Citrus limon L. Albúmina, presión
Limonero   Citrus bergamia Risso Circulacion, presion arterial, activa sucos gastricos
Lirio de agua - Ashibata Ochun, Yemaya Zantedeschia Aethiopica Anafrodisíaco
Lirio de sierra   Plumeria sp. Dolor de muela
Llanten Llanten, Obatala, Orduwa Plantagu majon L. Gastrointestinales, catarro
Maboa   Cameraria latifolia L. Dolor de muela
Macurije   Matayba apetalaMacfRadik Hongos
Maguey   Agave sp. Afecciones de la piel
Maíz Oricha Oko Zea mays L. Diurético
Majagua   Hibiscus elatus SW Hepatitis
Malanga - Ocumo Yemaya, Asogwano, Aña, Oricha Oko Xanthosoma sagitufolium L. Afecciones oftálmicas
Malva Blanca   Waltheria índica L. Afecciones de piel
Malva té Chango Corchorus siliquosus Asma, anticelulitico
Mamey colorado - Sapote Ochun, Chango, Oya Pouteria mamosa L Cranquist. Calocarpumx Catarro y tos
Mamey Sto.Domingo Jimaguas, Orula Pouteria mamosa  Afecciones de la piel Mamea americana
Mamoncillo Jimaguas Melicocca bijuga  
Manajú   Rheedia aristata griseb Para adelgazar, hemorragias heridas
Mandelamina   Belamcanda chinencisLDC Cálculos Renales
Mangle rojo Chango Rhizophora mangle L. Hongos, hepatitis, gastrointestinales, cáncer
Mango Obatala, Jimaguas, Oricha Oko Mangifera indica  
Maní  Asogwano Arachis hypogaea  
Mano de San Francisco Orula    
Mano poderosa Orula    
Manto Oya Coleus blumei  
Manzanilla   Matricaria recufita L. Gastrointestinales y de la piel
Maravilla Ochun, Chango, Orula Mirabilis jalapa L. Hemorroides, piel
Marilope Ochun Turnera ulmifolia L. Gastrointestinales
Marpacífico  Chango Hibiscus rosa-sinensis  
Mastuerzo Elegua Lepidium virginicum L. Afecciones renales
Mazorquilla Chango Blechum Brownei  
Mejorana Elegua, Obatala, Ochun Majorana hortensis, Origanum marjorana Antiespamodico
Meloncillo Ogun Melothria guadalupensis  
Menta   Mentha piperita L. Gastrointestinales
Menta Jamaiquina Ochosi    
Millo o Sorgo Obatala Sorghum vulgare Emoliente y protector de la mucosa intestinal,frenador del metabolismo.
Mostaza cimarrona   Brassica juncea L. Catarro y afecciones relacionadas
Ñame Oricha Oko Dioscorea cayenensis Digestivo
Naranja Jimaguas Citrus sinensis Sedante nervioso, digestivo
Naranja agria Ogun Citrus aurantium var. Amara Asma, catarro
Naranjo Amargo   Citrus aurantim L. Asma, catarro
Nitro   Boldoa Purpuracea Cav exleg Hepatitis, cálculos
No me olvides  Ochun Duranta repens  
Nogal de Cuba   Iunglans jamaicencis CDCinDC Abortiva
Orégano cimarrón   Ocimun gratissimum L. Catarro y afecciones relaciondastos, Antigotosa, Antirreumática, Antiinfecciosa, Diurética: (raíz
Oro azul Ochun Phyla strigillosa  
Oruzuz   Phyla scaberrima AGJuss M. Asma, catarro y tos
Palma real Chango, Orula Roystonea regia  
Palo de caja   Allaphyllus comineaLSW Diabetes, Gastrointestinales
Panetela Ochun, Xylophylla angustifolia  
Papito de la reina Yemaya Centrosema plumieri  
Para mí [Ponasí] Yemaya Hamelia patens analgésicas,  antiinflamatorias
Palo de arco Yemaya Tecoma stans cura disfuncion sexual
Palo Moruro   pithecellobium arboreun  
Paragüita Yemaya Cyperus alternifolius  
Paraíso Elegua, Obatala Melia azederach  
Paraná   Panicum purpurancens Raddi Parásitos
Parra Ochun Vitis vinifera Afecciones circulatorias, hemorragias
Pata de gallina  Ochosi, Aña, Orula Dactyloctenium aegyptium  
Pega pollo Yemaya Priva lappulácea  
Pendejera Asogwano Solanum toruum sp. Dolor de muelas
Peonia - Guereyeye Ochosi (mata y hojas), Chango, Aña Ormosia monosperma - Abrus precatorius Anti Cancer
Peralejo   Byrsonima crassifoliaLHBK Dolor de muelasneuralgia
Peregún Elegua, Ogun Dracaena Fragans  
Pimienta Cimarron o Guayabita   Pimienta dioca L. Merr. problemas nerviosos, Dolor de muelas (aceite)
Piña Jimaguas Ananas comosus Antiinflamatorio,
hipolipemiante,diuretico, vitaminico
Piña de ratón Orula Bromelia pinguin  
Pino   Pinus caribaea Morelet Dolor de muelas
Piñón de Botija Obatala, Chango, Aña Jatropha curcas (Venenosa)
Pitahaya Chango Hylocereus triangularis  
Platanillo Ochun, Chango Piper aduncum L. Infección renal
Platanillo de Cuba Chango, Jimaguas canna coccinea  
Plátano Chango, Elegua Musa paradisiaca L. Catarro, dolor de muelas, hepatitis, afecciones oftámicas, cáncer
Ponasí Ogun, Shangó Hamelia patens antihemorrágico  cicatrizante, antiinflamatorio, analgésico, febrífugas y antifúngicas
Pomarrosa Ochun Syzygium jambos  
Prodigiosa - Siempreviva Obatala, Aña, Ochosi, Orduwa Briophyllus pinnatumLamKurz Catarro y afecciones relacionadasdolor de garganta
Quiebrahacha Oya Copaifera hymenaefolis  
Quimbombó Chango, Oricha Oko Hibiscus esculentus  
Quita maldición Obatala Caesalpinia major  
Rabo de gato   Achyrantes aspera L. Afecciones renales
Rabo de zorra Ogun Trichachne insularis  
Remolacha Obatala Beta vulgaris Remineralizante, vitaminico
Resedá - Resedá francesa Ochun Lawsonia alba  
Romerillo Obatala, Elegua, Ochun Bidens pilosa L. Gastrointestinales
Romerillo amarillo Ochun, Orula Weddelia rugosa tenuis  
Romero Ochun Rosmarinus officinalis L. Dolor de oídos
Rompe camisa Asogwano Damianaturnera diffusa willd Tonificante nervioso,estimulante de los organos genitales, diuretico suave
Rompesaragüey Yemaya, Ogun, Asogwano, Jimaguas, Ochosi Eupatorium Odoratum L. Afecciones de la piel
Rosa francesa   Nerium oleander L. Afecciones de la piel
Ruda Egun Ruta graveolens Afecciones de oídos, Emenagoga, oftálmica, antiespasmódica y rubefaciente
Sábila   Aloe barbadensis Mill Hepatitis, hemorroides
Sacu sacu Chango   Riñones
Saiao Obatala,Yemaya Kalanchoe brasiliensis hoja marchita:callos, erisipelas, aftas, quemaduras, tumores, picadas insectos. Infusion: tos, dabetes
Salvadera o Jabillo Chango Hura crepitans  
Salvia Asogwano, Orduwa Pluchea odorata dolor de cabeza, tos, diarrea
Salvia de Castilla   Salvia officinalis L. Catarro
Sargazo Orun Sargassum  
Sarnilla   Casearia sylvestris SW Gastrointestinalesresfriados
Sasafrás   Bursera graveolens Triana et Afecciones oftálmicas
Sauco Elegua, Obatala, Ochun Sambucus simpsonii canadensis Afecciones oftámicas Rehder Ex Sarg
Seso Vegetal Obatala Blighia sapida, Cupania sapida Rogaciones de cabeza contra locura o problemas de la cabeza
Seso vegetal Obatala Blighia sapida  
Siguaraya Elegua, Chango Trichilia glabra  
Tabaco   Nicotiana tabacum L. Hemorragias, heridas
Tábano   Povonia fructicosa Mill. Afecciones de pielhongos y granos, reuma y artritis
Tamarindo Oya Tamarindus índicu L. Hepatitis
Tengue   Peoppigia procera pres. Catarro y afecciones re lacionadas
Tilo   Justicia pectoralis Jacq. Catarro y afecciones relacion. con  nervios
Toronja Obatala Citrus paradisi Presión alta
Toronjil Asogwano Melissa officinalis Resfriados, Gripe
Túa Túa Yemaya Latropha gossypifolia L. Afecciones circulatorias
Tuna Chango, Ogun Opuntia sp. Hepatitis
Tuna brava   Opuntia dillenii  
Uva caleta Oya, Ogun Coccoloba uvifera  
Uva gomosa Yemaya Cordia alba  
Vencedor, Sauzgatillo o Arbusto de la pimienta Obatala Zanthoxylum pistacifolium Anti Hongos, Amenorrea (falta temporal de la menstruacion), nervios
Verbena Ochosi, Yemaya Verbena officinalis Depresion
Verdolaga Elegua, Obatala, Yemaya Portulaca Oleracea Ulceras
Vergonzosa o Dormidera Asogwano Mimosa Pudica dolor de muela
Vicaria  Ogun Vinca rosea Antiinfeccioso ocular
Vinagrillo o Trebol Obatala Oxalis violacea Antidiarreico
Yagruma Yemaya, Chango, Oya Cecropia peltata L. Presión baja, afecciones renaleshematurias, hemorroides
Yaguna   Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Hematuria, Diuretico
Yamao o Cedro Macho Yemaya Guarea quidonia L. Sleumer Hemorroides y heridas
Yaya   Oxandra lanceolataS.WBail Gastrointestinales
Yuca Oricha Oko Manihot sculenta crantz Gastrointestinales
Zapote Ochun, Jimaguas Achras sapote Vitaminas A y C, tonifica la digestion, normaliza los intestinos
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Ifa

Ifa, god of divination, who is usually termed the God of Palm Nuts, because sixteen palm-nuts are used in the process of divination, The name Ifa apparently means something scraped or wiped off: he has the title of Gbangba (explanation, demonstration, proof). Ifa’s secondary attribute is to cause fecundity: he presides at births, and women pray to him to be made fruitful; while on this account offerings are always made to him before marriage, it being considered a disgrace not to bear children. To the native mind there is no conflict of function between Ifa and Obatala, for the former causes the woman to become pregnant, while the latter forms the child in the womb, which is supposed to be a different thing altogether.

Ifa first appeared on the earth at Ife, He tried to teach the inhabitants of Ife how to foretell future events, but they would not listen to him, so he left the town and wandered about the world teaching mankind. After roaming about for a long time, and indulging in a variety of amours, Ifa fixed his residence at Ado, where he planted on a rock a palm-nut, from which sixteen palm-trees grew up at once.

Ifa has an attendant or companion named Odu (? One who emulates), and a messenger called Opele (ope, puzzle, or ope, palm-tree). The bandicoot (okete) is sacred to him, because it lives chiefly upon palm-nuts. The first day of the Yoruba week is Ifa’s holy day, and is called ajo awo, “day of the secret.” On this day sacrifices of pigeons, fowls, and goats are made to him, and nobody can perform any business before accomplishing this duty.

A priest of Ifa is termed a babalawo (baba-ni-awo), “Father who has the secret,” as the natives never undertake anything of importance without consulting the god, and always act in accordance with the answer returned. Hence a proverb says, “The priest who is more shrewd than another adopts the worship of Ifa.” As Ifa knows all futurity, and reveals coming events to his faithful followers, he is considered the god of wisdom, and the benefactor of mankind. He also instructs man how to secure the goodwill of the other gods, and conveys to him their wishes, His priests pluck all the hair from their bodies and shave their heads, and always appear attired in white cloths.

The general belief is that Ifa possessed the faculty of divination from the beginning, but there is a myth which makes him acquire the art from the phallic god Elegba. In the early days of the world, says the myth, there were but few people on the earth, and the gods found themselves stinted in the matter of sacrifices to such an extent that, not obtaining enough to eat from the offerings made by their followers, they were obliged to have recourse to various pursuits in order to obtain food. Ifa, who was in the same straits as the other gods, took to fishing, with, however, he had small success; and one day, when he had failed to catch any fish at all, and was very hungry, he consulted the crafty Elegba, who was also in want, as to what they could do to improve their condition. Elegba replied that if he could only obtain the sixteen palm-nuts from the two palms -that Orungan the chief man, had in his plantation, he would show Ifa how to forecast the future; and that he could then use his knowledge in the service of mankind, and so receive an abundance of offerings. He stipulated that in return for instructing Ifa in the art of divination, he should always be allowed the first choice of all offerings made. Ifa agreed to the bargain, and going to Orungan, asked for the sixteen palm-nuts, explaining

to him what he proposed to do with them. Orungan, very eager to know what the future had in store for him, at once promised the nuts, and ran with his wife Orisha-bi, “Orisha-born,” to get them. The trees, however, were too lofty for them to be able to reach the palm-nuts, and the stems too smooth to be climbed; so they retired to a little distance and drove some monkeys that were in the vicinity into the palms. No sooner were the monkeys in the trees than they seized the nuts, and, after eating the red pulp that covered them, threw the bard kernels down on the ground, where Orungan and his wife picked them up. Having collected the whole sixteen, Orisha-bi tied them up in a piece of cloth, and put the bundle under her waist-cloth, on her back, as if she were carryino, a child. Then they carried the palm-nuts to Ifa. Elegba kept his promise and taught Ifa the art of divination, and Ifa in his turn taught Oruno-an, who thus became the first babalawo, It is in memory of these events that when a man wishes to consult Ifa, he takes his wife with him, if he be married, and his mother if he be single, who carries the sixteen palm-nuts, tied up in a bundle, on her back, like a child; and that the babalawo, before consulting the god, always says, “Orugan, ajuba oh. Orisha-bi ajuba oh.” (“Orungan, I hold you in grateful remembrance. Orisha-bi, I hold you in grateful remembrance.”

For the consultation of Ifa a whitened board is employed, exactly similar to those used by children in Moslem schools in lieu of slates, about two feet long and eight or nine inches broad, on which are marked sixteen figures. These figures are called “mothers.” The sixteen palm-nuts are held loosely in the right hand, and thrown through the half-closed fingers into the left hand. If one nut remain in the right hand, two marks are made, thus | |; and if two remain. one mark, |. In this way are formed the sixteen “mothers,” one of which is declared by the babalawo to represent the inquirer; and from the order in which the others are produced he deduces certain results. The interpretation appears to be in accordance with established rule, but what that rule is is only known to the initiated. The following are the “mothers”:

This process is repeated eight times, and the marks are made in succession in two columns of four each.

No. 6 is No. 5 inverted; 8 is 7 inverted; 10, 9 inverted; 13, 12 inverted; and 14, 11 inverted. Meji means “two,” or “a pair,” and the following appears to be the meaning of the names:–(1) The close pair (buru, closely). (2) The removed pair (Yekuro, to remove). (3) The street pair (Ode, a street). (4) The closed-up pair (Di, to close up, make dense). (5) The squatting-dog pair (losho, to squat like a dog). (6) The cross-bow pair (oron, cross-bow). (7) The striped pair (abila, striped). (8) ?Vulture-pair (akala, vulture). (9) The pointing pair (sha, to point). (10) The pair ending downward (Ku, to end, da, to upset on the ground). (11) ?The top-heavy pair (Dura, to make an effort to recover from a stumble; opin, end, point). (12) The tattoo-mark pair (ture, name of certain tattoo-marks). (13) The edge pair (leti, on the edge of). (14) The folded-up pair (Ka, to fold or coil). (15) The opened pair (shi, to open). (16) The alternate pair (fo, to pass over, pass by, jump over, skip).

From these sixteen “mothers” a great many combinations can be made by taking a column from two different “mothers,” and figures thus formed are called “children.” Thus (13) and (2) and (11) and (10) make respectively-

The initiation fee paid to a priest for teaching the art of divination is, it is said, is very heavy, and moreover does not cover the whole of the expense; for the Oracle is, like Oracles generally, ambiguous and obscure, and the neophyte finds that he constantly has to refer to the more experienced priests for explanations of its meaning.

When a man is initiated the priest usually informs him that he must
henceforward abstain from some particular article of food, which varies with the individual.

Ifa figures in connection with a legendary deluge, the story of which, now adapted to the Yoruba theology, Some time after settling at Ado, Ifa became tired of living in the world, and accordingly went to dwell in the firmament, with Obatala. After his departure, mankind, deprived of his assistance, was unable to properly interpret the desires of the gods, most of whom became in consequence annoyed. Olokun was the most angry, and in a fit of rage he destroyed nearly all the inhabitants of the world in a great flood, only a few being saved by Obatala, who drew them up into the sky by means of a long iron chain. After this ebullition of anger, Olokun retired once more to his own domains, but the world was nothing but mud, and quite unfit to live in, till Ifa came down from the sky, and, in conjunction with Odudua, once more made it habitable.

El Primer Babalawo en Cuba

El primer babalawo que hubo en Cuba fue Addeshina (Obbara Meyi), este nació en
Africa Occidental a principios de los 1800, otros Yorubas compraron su libertad ya que reconocieron su rango de rey, Addeshina significa "Corona abre-camino". Se dice que Addeshina logró tragarselos ikines antes que lo capturaran y los defecó en el barco.Unos años despues de el llego otro babalawo conocido como Ño Carlos Addebí (Ojuani Bocá) que logró su libertad en camaguey gracias a que la apostó a su amo a que le adivinaba a los amigos de su amo y estos quedaron sorprendidos. Lo hizo con el primero okpele que existió en Cuba hecho con una soga de majagua y con cascaras de naranja secas.Addeshina y Addebi se encontraron luego en la Habana, en Guanabacoa. Addeshina le hizo ifá a solo dos personas, una se fue para estados unidos y no se conoce su nombre y el otro fue Bernardo Rojas (Irete Tendi). Bernardo cuidó a Addeshina hasta su muerte, y junto a el aprendio todo lo de ifá.De Bernardo Rojas surge la rama mas grande de babalawos de Cuba. Bernardo fue el que mas ahijados consagró. El otro gran pilar fue la rama de Taita Gaitán (Oggunda fun), nacido en matanzas, su padrino fue otro babalawo traido como esclavo llamado Lugery (Oyekun Meyi) que regresó a Nigeria y allá murió, pero antes de irse mandó a Taita Gaitán con su hermano de consagracion que estaba en Matanzas, llamado Ño Cárdenas, que nunca consagró a nadie pero leenseñó todo a Taita Gaitán. Y otra rama famosa fue la de Asunción Villalonga.El primero criollo que se hizo Ifá en Cuba se llamó Cornelio Vidal y de el surge otra rama.Todas estas ramas al final se cruzaron una con otras. Nuestros mayores en ifa en Cuba son Addeshina (Obbara meyi), Addebí (Ojuani Bocá), Bernabé Menocal, Babel Babá Ejiogbe (Ifá Lolá), Taita Gaitán (Oggunda fun), Bernardo Rojas (Irete Tendi), Cornelio Vidal, Asuncion Villalonga, Guillermo Castro, Alfredo Rivero, Joaquin Salazar (Osá Forbeyo), Ramon Febles (Ogbe tua), Panchito Febles (Otura Niko), Miguel Febles ( Odi Ka ), Sevilla Baró (Oshe Yekun), el Chino Poey (Oshe Paure), Felix el Negro (Osa Rete) y Andres Bombalier (Oggunda Biode) .

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